英文写作风格指南

本文会列举一些常见的拼写错误,以及教你正确地使用标点符号。

拼写(Spelling)

原则

  • ❗ ️大写往往意味着重要。

句首字母大写

  • ❌ how are you?
  • ✔️ How are you?

I(我)在任何时候都大写

  • ❌ I am a slow walker, but i never walk back.
  • ✔️ I am a slow walker, but I never walk back.
  • 📝 我走得很慢,但是我从来不会后退。by 亚伯拉罕·林肯(Abraham Lincoln)

标点符号(Punctuation)

使用英文(半角)标点符号,而不是中文(全角)标点符号

  • ❌ I’m Jadon。
  • ✔️ I’m Jadon.

标点符号后面空一格

  • ❌ Mr.Zhong
  • ✔️ Mr.Zhong
  • ❌ We need seven people:three students,three engineers,and a professor.
  • ✔️ We need seven people: three students,three engineers,and a professor. (注意 and 前面有一个逗号)

成对符号(括号和引号)前后空一格

  • ❌ The screen is 6.46 inches(iPhone XS Max)diagonally.
  • ✔️ The screen is 6.46 inches(iPhone XS Max)diagonally.
  • ❌ He said,”I may forget your name,but I never forget a face.”
  • ✔️ He said,“I may forget your name, but I never forget a face.”

省略号

  • ❌ Juan thought and thought…and then thought some more.(前后没有空格)
  • ❌ Juan thought and thought … and then thought some more.(三个句号代替)
  • ✔️ Juan thought and thought … and then thought some more.
  • ⌨️ 输入方式
    • Android(安卓手机):你肯定能找到它
    • iOS(苹果手机和苹果平板):长按英文键盘上的句号
    • macOS(苹果电脑):Option + ;(分号)
    • Windows 电脑:Shift + 6

表并列

  • 中文:不要用逗号代替顿号
    • ❌ 警方还组织数千民兵专门看护桥梁,过街天桥,涵洞等重点部位。
    • ✔️ 警方还组织数千民兵专门看护桥梁、过街天桥、涵洞等重点部位。
  • 英文:没有顿号,用逗号表示并列关系
    • ❌ We need seven people: three students、three engineers、and a professor.
    • ✔️ We need seven people: three students,three engineers,and a professor.

英文中不存在的标点符号

  • 没有书名号 《》,用斜体(Italic,意大利体)表示书名:The title of Stephen R. Covey’s book is The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People.
  • 没有顿号 ,用逗号 , 表并列:She slowly, carefully, and deliberately moved the box.

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